Khao Yum| Thai Rainbow Rice Salad


Want to eat the rainbow? You should try Khao Yum!

Eat the rainbow, eat the rainbow!

Just how many times have we heard that being said? Studies have shown that eating different naturally coloured foods ensures that you get different types of nutrients into your system. And then, of course, theres the leap that your heart takes when you look at all the pretty colours on your plate!

The recipe that Im about to share with you today, Khao Yum, will surely make your heart sing with joy with all its loveliness. Its not for nothing that Khao Yum is called Thai Rainbow Rice Salad it is, really and truly, a rainbow on your platter. I made this some time ago for lunch as a surprise for the husband. He came home from a meeting for lunch, expecting the regular fare, and you should have seen the look on his face when he was presented with a rainbow instead. :)

Take a look for yourself?

Khao Yum aka Thai Rainbow Rice Salad. Aint it prettiness personified?

What on earth is a Rainbow Rice Salad?

It is a salad made Thai style, with rice being the main ingredient. Cooked jasmine rice is at the centre of this salad, with assorted accompaniments to go with it, a delicious dressing included. All of it is typically served separately as above, on a platter or bowl. The diners are expected to mix together the various components of the salad, as per their personal taste preferences.

Now, the Thais, being the Thais, dont do anything by half measures. On our visits to Thailand, I have always admired how the Thais make everything look cute and pretty from pens and soaps to clothes and hot water bottles and, of course, food! At a little Thai restaurant, you could be ordering a simple Thai Sticky Rice With Mango thats regular fare over there, but itll come to your table presented so beautifully it could give five-star chefs in big metros a run for their money! This Khao Yum is no exception the jasmine rice is, traditionally, coloured blue using the butterfly pea flower, and colourful accompaniments are laid out all around it.

The dressing served with Khao Yum is bursting with flavour, the way most Thai dishes do. It is sweet and sour and spicy, the kind of thing that will make your tastebuds wake up and take notice. Im serious! With the dressing and the sides, this Thai Rainbow Rice Salad makes for a supremely delicious, hearty meal. It is quite a healthy thing, too, this salad, with no artificial colours or flavours going in, with limited usage of oil.

Is Khao Yum a very difficult thing to make?

We didnt come across this dish in any of the Thai restaurants we visited, in Bangkok and Pattaya. It was only recently, while I was reading up about the countrys cuisine that I came across this dish on Hot Thai Kitchen, a treasure trove of Thai recipes that I have come to love. Im wondering if this salad is more of a family thing in Thailand, and hasnt really made it to the mainstream restaurants. Im not sure.

Anyways, Khao Yum isnt a difficult thing to make at home, at all. If you have all the right ingredients at hand, it is super simple to put this salad together. In Thailand, I understand this is a non-vegetarian salad, with shrimp being used in the dressing as well as a side. I have, however, made a vegetarian version here.

Are the ingredients for Khao Yum tough to find in India?

Depends on where you are based in India, I would say. However, you can definitely make this salad using vegetarian ingredients commonly available in most Indian cities. Heres a breakdown of the ingredients for you.

Many departmental stores and gourmet food stores stock jasmine rice the heart of this salad these days. In a pinch, basmati rice or any other fragrant variety of rice can be used, but I would really suggest hunting down some jasmine rice.

Dried butterfly pea flowers are easily available online, albeit a bit expensive. In case you have the fresh flowers called Shankha Pushpam or Sangu Poo down South growing somewhere around you, you could use them too. You could leave the rice plain white, too, if you so prefer, or colour it a different colour using handy stuff from your kitchen a pinch of turmeric, maybe?

I have used butterfly pea-infused jasmine rice that I picked up in Big C, Thailand, to make this salad. I just had to pressure cook the rice like we do usually, and I ended up with this naturally coloured, beautiful blue cooked rice. In this video, Pailin of Hot Thai Kitchen shows how you can achieve the same blue effect using purple cabbage and baking soda. Yes!

There are no hard and fast rules as to what accompaniments this salad should have. The rice and toasted coconut is a must, as far as I understand, as well as the dressing. There should, ideally, be a sweet-sour juicy fruit too, like pomelo, pineapple, raw mango or apple I have used pineapple. Tofu can be used in place of the paneer I have used here. I have also used lemon wedges, sweet corn, carrot, moong sprouts and seedless cucumber as accompaniments. All of these ingredients are fairly easy to source across India.

The dressing needs ingredients like tamarind, ginger, jaggery, dry red chillies, small onions, lemongrass, soya sauce, garlic and lemon zest, which arent difficult to find either. I have used regular Indian tamarind, ginger and jaggery in place of the Thai tamarind, galangal and palm jaggery that typically goes into the dressing. The lemongrass came from a potted plant in my balcony, but it is commonly available in stores like Namdharis and MK Retail in Bangalore.

I used naturally fermented soya sauce from Shoyu, a Thai brand, in the dressing. You could use a regular Indian brand or look for naturally fermented versions online or in specialty stores.

All set to make your Thai Rainbow Rice Salad? Heres how you roll!

Please find below instructions to put together Khao Yum or Thai Rainbow Rice Salad at home. Dont be fazed by the number of steps in there thats only because I have tried to explain everything in great detail. In reality, this is a very, very simple thing to make.

I have adapted the original recipe from Hot Thai Kitchen to suit my familys vegetarian preferences, tastebuds and availability of ingredients.

Im sharing this recipe with the A-Z Recipe Challenge group that Im part of. Every alternate month, the members of this group present recipes made from ingredients in alphabetical order. The letter for this month is J, and I chose jasmine rice as my star ingredient.

Now, without further ado, over to the recipe!

Ingredients (serves 2-3):

For the salad dressing:

  1. A small lemon-sized ball of tamarind
  2. 3-4 tablespoons jaggery
  3. 1 teaspoon lemon zest
  4. 3-4 dry red chillies
  5. A 1-inch piece of ginger
  6. 3-4 strands of lemongrass
  7. Salt to taste
  8. A small onion
  9. 1 tablespoon dark soya sauce
  10. 5-6 cloves garlic
  11. Water as needed

For the salad:

  1. 1 cup butterfly pea jasmine rice, cooked in 2 cups water for 3 whistles
  2. 1/3 cup peanuts, dry roasted till crisp
  3. 1 teaspoon + 1/2 teaspoon oil
  4. 100 grams paneer or tofu, sauteed with a little oil till slightly crisp
  5. 1 lemon, cut into wedges
  6. About 2 tablespoons finely chopped coriander
  7. 1/4 cup fresh grated coconut, dry roasted till slightly brown and aromatic
  8. 1 medium-sized carrot, grated
  9. 1 medium-sized cucumber, chopped into rounds
  10. 1/3 cup sweet corn kernels, sauteed lightly in a pan with a little oil
  11. 1/2 cup moong bean sprouts


Lets first make the salad dressing.

1. Soak the tamarind in a little hot water for at least 15 minutes. When it cools down enough to handle, extract a thick paste out of it. You may add a little more water if needed, to help extract the juice. Keep aside.

2. Peel the onion and ginger and chop roughly. Peel the garlic cloves. Add these to a small mixer jar.

3. Roughly chop the lemongrass strands. Add to the mixer jar.

4. Break the dry red chillies roughly using your hands. Add to the mixer jar.

5. Grind the ingredients in the mixer jar coarsely or to a smooth paste, as you prefer.

6. Transfer the ground paste to a pan, and place on high heat. Add in tamarind extract and salt to taste. Cook on high flame for 2-3 minutes or till the raw smell of the tamarind goes away.

7. Add soya sauce, lemon zest, jaggery and enough water to bring the sauce to a runny consistency. Cook on medium flame till all the ingredients are well combined together and the sauce thickens a bit. This should take about 2 minutes. Switch off gas and allow the dressing to cool down fully.

Now, we will do the prep work that is needed for the salad.

1. Cook the butterfly pea rice as per the instructions on the package. I cooked the 1 cup of butterfly pea rice I used in a pressure cooker. I added 2 cups of water and cooked for 3 whistles on high flame. Let the pressure release naturally.

2. Make sure all the thorns and cores are removed from the pineapple, and that it is chopped into bite-sized pieces.

3. Peel the carrot and grate medium-thick.

4. Chop the cucumber into batons or rounds, as you prefer.

5. Dry roast the peanuts on medium flame till crisp. Ensure that they do not burn.

6. Dry roast the grated coconut on medium flame till it gets brown. Ensure that it doesnt burn.

7. Cut the lemon into wedges.

8. Chop the paneer into cubes. Heat 1 teaspoon oil in a pan, and add in the paneer cubes. Saute gently till they turn slightly crisp and start browning.

9. You may saute or blanch the moong bean sprouts if you so prefer. I kept them raw.

10. Heat 1/2 tablespoon oil in the same pan, and add in the sweet corn kernels. Saute on medium flame till the kernels are half cooked but retain their crunch.

Now, lets assemble the Khao Yum or Thai Rainbow Rice Salad.

1. When the pressure from the cooker has entirely gone down, get the cooked blue rice out and let it cool down a bit. Then, fill a bowl tightly with the rice and invert it in the centre of a large serving plate. Sprinkle some finely chopped coriander on top of the mound of rice.

2. Arrange some of the moong bean sprouts, roasted peanuts and coconut, sauteed sweet corn and paneer, pineapple pieces, grated carrot, lemon wedges and grated carrot attractively all around the rice. Serve immediately, with some dressing poured into a small cup. Prepare salad platters for all the diners similarly.

And youre all set!

Tips & Tricks

1. I used a mix of the hot Salem Gundu and the not-very-spicy Bydagi dry red chillies to make the dressing. Adjust the quantity of chillies you use, depending upon personal taste preferences.

2. I grated the skin of two regular-sized lemons to get 1 teaspoon zest, for the salad dressing. If you have kaffir lime leaves, you could use two of them in place of the lemon zest.

3. Filter out the seeds and impurities from the tamarind before using them in the dressing.

4. Sugar, honey, palm jaggery or coconut sugar can be used in the dressing. Here, I have used regular jaggery powder.

5. I used home-grown lemongrass to make the dressing. If you dont find lemongrass leaves, you can use about 2-3 inches of the bottom, bulb-like part of lemongrass. It is even more fragrant.

6. Adjust the quantity of tamarind and jaggery as per personal taste preferences. Similarly, adjust the amount of water you use, depending on how thick you want the salad dressing to be.

7. The salad dressing can be made ahead and stored in the refrigerator for 3-4 days. Similarly, any leftover dressing can be bottled and refrigerated for later use. However, I prefer making it fresh.

8. This salad is typically served at room temperature. Hence, you must allow all the cooked ingredients to fully cool down before you assemble the salad.

9. This is a completely vegetarian recipe. You may substitute some of the ingredients in case you wish to make a non-vegetarian version. This is a gluten-free recipe as well. Using tofu in place of the paneer here will also render it a vegan or plant-based dish.

Did you like the recipe? Do tell me, in your comments!

Older Post Newer Post

Leave a Comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published