Editor’s note: This story was updated on July 7, 2021, with new information on reopenings. It was originally published June 5, 2020.
Europe is opening again to American travelers, particularly thanks to the June 18 announcement by the Council of the European Union to open EU borders to more visitors by expanding its list of “safe countries,” given the low risk of contracting COVID-19 and vaccine rollouts in places such as the U.S. As of early July, most countries in Europe have granted entry beyond EU citizens and legal residents.
Out of the 47 European countries on this list, just three — Slovakia, Finland and Norway — remain closed to U.S. citizens, with hopes of a gradual return to tourism in the months ahead. Although U.S. travelers can also visit the United Kingdom and Ireland, strict testing and quarantine protocols currently make it difficult for most visitors.
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While Europe has made great strides with its EU Digital COVID Certificate, giving Europeans a uniform way to provide proof of full vaccination against COVID-19, negative PCR or antigen tests and/or recovery from COVID-19, it’s not currently accessible to Americans traveling in Europe nor has a digital equivalent has been introduced yet in the States. At this time, there is no information currently available about if or when those with an international vaccine card can receive a digital COVID certificate, although you’ll find that all three CDC-authorized vaccines (Johnson & Johnson, Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech) are accepted across Europe.
One important note is that the U.S. government still requires all airline passengers to the U.S. over the age of 2 to show a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days or 72 hours before departure, regardless of travel location. Alternatively, travelers may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel.
If you want to find out where U.S. travelers can go right now, follow this link for our complete guide to which countries are allowing U.S. travelers.
In the meantime, this guide summarizes each European country’s current status for international travel.
The Albanian government lifted all restrictions on tourism on July 1, 2020, and commercial flights have resumed, but some connections through major European hubs were reduced in December 2020.
Americans can visit, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania, and both the U.S. Department of State’s travel advisory and CDC’s health advisory have both been downgraded, largely to reflect crime.
There are no testing requirements for visitors, but temperature checks are expected at the airport and wearing masks in all public spaces is mandatory. If a passenger has COVID-19 symptoms and/or a fever, they may be required to undergo a mandatory government quarantine.
The U.S. Embassy also notes that travelers should be prepared for travel restrictions to be put into effect with little or no advance notice.
Albania has a curfew from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. until further notice and all bars, restaurants and fast food outlets can offer delivery only during those hours.
Armenia has reopened its borders to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Armenia. All visitors are now required to present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or submit to a test in the public area of the arrivals hall of Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) and self-isolate until receiving the result. Masks are mandated on public transportation.
Austria reopened to American citizens and residents on June 24, and quarantine is not required, provided they meet the requirements of Austria’s COVID-19 travel protocols, which are proof of vaccination, proof of recovery from COVID-19 (from a doctor or public authority in the past six months) or a negative COVID-19 result via a PCR or rapid antigen test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival.
Only certificates issued in English or German by medical authorities will be accepted. Also, you will have to have been in the U.S. for at least the past 10 days before making the trip to Austria.
Cloth face masks are to be worn on public transportation and in all shops, museums and businesses. For details on travel restrictions, check here.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Azerbaijan, U.S. citizens were welcomed back to the country on June 21, only by air. All travelers age 18 and older must have a COVID-19 passport or documentation confirming full vaccination or immunity to COVID-19.
The country is under special quarantine restrictions through Aug. 1. Restaurants, cafes and most other businesses are open and masks remain obligatory inside and on public transportation.
Belarus has been in the middle of a popular uprising against the man called the “last dictator in Europe,” and the country bordering Russia is open to tourism. According to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus, Americans are on a list of countries that were allowed to enter as of Aug. 15, 2020, but only through Minsk National Airport (MSQ). Land borders are closed to American travelers.
U.S. passport holders traveling to Belarus via Minsk may enter visa-free for up to 30 days. A negative PCR test taken within 72 hours is required and travelers from a “red zone” country (which includes the U.S.) must self-quarantine for 10 days and complete the full quarantine in Belarus. You’ll also need to fill out a health questionnaire and submit to temperature and health checks on arrival.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Belgium, U.S. residents may travel from the U.S. to Belgium without an Essential Travel Certificate as of June 21.
Travelers who are permitted to enter must complete a passenger locator form at least 48 hours prior to arrival and only those coming from a “red zone” country need to present a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of departure — no longer applicable to Americans as the U.S. has been moved up to “orange” status. Color codes by country can be found here.
All cafés, restaurants, markets, shops and non-medical contact professions, including nail and hair salons, are open. For more information, check the country’s Current Measures updates.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina reopened to international travelers on Sept. 13, 2020, and Americans can visit. The U.S. Embassy in Bosnia and Herzegovina reports that the country is currently experiencing a moderate number of COVID-19 cases.
Travelers must provide a COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing full vaccination completed 14 days prior to arrival, a doctor’s certificate of COVID-19 recovery in the period 14 to 180 days prior to arrival or a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours if coming from the U.S. or 48 hours if coming from within Europe. According to the U.S. Embassy, requirements and restrictions may change with little or no advance notice.
U.S. citizens are once again allowed to enter the country as of May 1, according to the U.S. Embassy in Bulgaria, but only under certain conditions through at least July 31.
Travelers currently allowed to enter are Bulgarian nationals, permanent residents and their family members, citizens of the E.U., the Schengen Area (including San Marino, Andorra, Monaco and Vatican City), citizens of the U.K. and Northern Ireland, Australia, Canada, the U.S., Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, North Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Moldova, Israel, Kuwait, the Republic of Belarus and Turkey.
To enter Bulgaria, a person from the above countries must present one of the following:
- A vaccination certificate for a completed vaccination course against COVID-19.
- The vaccination certificate is considered valid 14 days after receiving the final dose and must include the full name of the vaccinated person as per the identification document, date of birth, dates the doses were administered, vaccine name and batch number, name of the producer, details of the vaccine certificate issuing authority and country.
- A positive result from a PCR or antigen test for immunity for COVID-19 for persons who had the infection not more than 6 months from the date they enter the country.
- A negative result from a PCR test performed within 72 hours of their entry into Bulgaria or a negative antigen test performed within 48 hours of their entry into the country.
U.S. travelers can once again visit Croatia — but they must have proof of accommodation paid in full in advance of arrival to qualify for tourism-specific travel, one of four approved travel categories for travelers from the U.S.
Croatia had reopened for tourists from all countries, but then on Dec. 1, 2020, the government restricted entry and border crossings and instituted varying levels of lockdown to help limit COVID-19 transmission, and as a result, entry for tourism purposes was not permitted for U.S. citizens. That changed as of April 1.
- A negative result of a PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or a rapid antigen test taken less than 48 hours before arrival.
- A vaccination certificate showing vaccination was completed at least 14 days before entry to Croatia.
- A certificate confirming recovery from a COVID-19 infection with a positive test result having been received within 11 and 180 days of arrival in Croatia.
Unvaccinated travelers can also test upon arrival (at the traveler’s cost) and self-isolate until receiving a negative result.
All travelers visiting for tourism purposes must also provide proof of accommodation paid in advance in full or they will not be permitted to enter the country. The other three approved categories for U.S. travelers are:
- Urgent personal/family or business purposes.
- Citizens/residents of E.U./European Economic Area member states and their family members.
The U.S. Embassy also notes that entry requirements are subject to change at any time without notice and that the Croatian Border Police have final authority regarding entry into Croatia.
Croatia requires that masks be worn in indoor public spaces and outdoors when social distancing can not be maintained. Restaurants can offer food and beverages for takeout/delivery as well as indoor/outdoor dining. Coffee shops and bars can only serve guests in open-air spaces.
Cyprus, a small island nation off the coast of Turkey, is now open to Americans arriving directly from the U.S.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus, tourists may travel from the U.S. to the Republic of Cyprus without mandatory self-isolation provided they have uploaded proof of a negative PCR test within 72 hours of boarding a flight to Cyprus, complete another test upon arrival at their own expense (30 euros) and have an approved Cyprus Flight Pass. Children under the age of 12 do not require testing.
For further details on travel requirements, check the Cyprus Tourism hub.
The U.S. Embassy also notes that vaccinated passengers who have a valid vaccination certificate from certain countries (including the U.S.) can travel to Cyprus from any country without having to meet the prerequisites of the country category they are traveling from. Travelers from the U.S. can upload proof of vaccinations to their Cyprus Flight Pass. Vaccinated travelers, however, can still be selected for random COVID-19 testing on arrival.
Many venues, including indoor restaurants, malls, churches, cinemas, etc., are restricted to locals with a valid SafePass, equivalent to the aforementioned Cyrpus Flight Pass for tourists. Face coverings are required in all public spaces for people age 12 and older.
The Czech Republic started welcoming U.S. citizens back on June 21, with the addition of the U.S. to its “green countries” list, meaning Americans can travel to the country without a negative COVID-19 test or quarantine.
According to the U.S. Embassy in the Czech Republic, COVID-19-related requirements still remain for Americans and fellow visitors with low-risk entry status hoping to experience the country as tourists. In order to enjoy activities such as staying at a hotel, eating at restaurants, visiting museums and attending public events, you must show one of the following:
- Negative PCR test taken within the past 72 hours.
- Negative antigen test from the past 24 hours.
- For single-dose vaccines, such as Johnson & Johnson, proof that 14 days have elapsed after the dose within the last nine months.
- For double-dose vaccines, such as Moderna and Pfizer, proof that 22 days have elapsed after the first dose within the last 90 days, or proof that 22 days have elapsed after the second dose within the last nine months.
- If you have recovered from COVID-19 within six months of travel, proof of such is required.
Additionally, FFP2 masks are required in most public spaces, including shops, airports and public transportation (including taxis and ride-sharing services) as well as when social distancing is not required outdoors.
Travelers from “dark red countries” and considered to be at an extreme risk of COVID-19 infection are still able to enter or return to the Czech Republic after undergoing a PCR test before arrival, two tests after arrival and a period of self-isolation.
Since June 5, Denmark has allowed fully vaccinated travelers from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, including the U.S., to travel to Denmark for tourism.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Denmark, travelers from the U.S. can enter Denmark if they have been vaccinated with a European Medicines Agency-approved vaccine and it has been 14 days or longer since your last vaccine shot. Fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. are also exempt from testing and quarantine requirements upon arrival in Denmark if you provide documentation of vaccination.
As of June 19, travelers from the U.S. who are not fully vaccinated may also enter upon taking a COVID-19 test. Unvaccinated children traveling with vaccinated adults are also allowed entry, but will have to test. The same is the case for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Most restaurants, tourist sites and hotels are open.
As of May 1, fully vaccinated travelers (14 days past completing vaccination with an EU-approved vaccine) visiting from “yellow” or “orange” EU and Schengen Area countries no longer need to present a negative test, have a “worthy purpose” for their visit, test upon arrival or isolate.
Unvaccinated travelers from “yellow” EU countries can visit Denmark without having a “worthy purpose,” but must present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of travel and take a rapid antigen test upon entry.
Unvaccinated travelers from “orange” and “red” EU countries can only visit Denmark for a “worthy purpose,” and must present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of travel, take a rapid antigen test upon entry and isolate for 10 days (which can end after a negative PCR test on day four).
Entry rules for Denmark can be found here.
As of June 21, Estonia is reopened to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Estonia, and quarantine-free entry is available to travelers from certain countries, including the U.S., other countries in the EU, the Schengen Area, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Rwanda, Thailand and Singapore.
Permitted travelers who have proof of being within six months of being fully vaccinated or having recovered from COVID-19 can enter without having to quarantine.
Travelers are required to complete an online health declaration form up to 72 hours prior to arrival, with an exemption for vaccinated travelers and those who have recovered from COVID-19. Masks are recommended in enclosed and crowded spaces and social distancing is required in all indoor public spaces.
For those coming from high-risk or “red” countries, a mandatory 10-day quarantine remains in place, although two negative PCR tests can waive such requirement, taken upon arrival and another six days after arrival. See more information regarding the designation of countries based on infection rate here.
Finland is one of the few EU countries that remains closed to Americans, with a few exceptions as laid out by the U.S. Embassy in Finland, including:
- Essential travel.
- Work-related travel.
- Finnish residence permits.
- Family members of Finish nationals and residents.
The kicker here is that entry is not determined until arrival and the Finnish government will not grant permission in advance of travel, meaning travelers who risk showing up at the Finnish border should have a backup plan in case they are denied.
If you are able to get in the country, a 14-day self-isolation period is advised (although not mandatory) for U.S. travelers, to be shortened if you elect to take two COVID-19 tests.
Restrictions on entry into Finland will continue until July 11. Internal border traffic to Finland from certain low-risk countries has been lifted, including from the Schengen Area and the EU, Australia, Singapore, Rwanda, Israel, Japan and others that can be found here.
COVID-19 tests are no longer required upon arrival, although free voluntary tests will be provided at the Helsinki airport (HEL), with further testing to be implemented at additional entry ports.
As of June 9, France has reopened to tourists from a handful of nations, including the U.S., with proof of vaccination and a sworn statement that you are symptom-free.
According to the U.S. Embassy & Consulates in France, those coming from the U.S. and other “green” countries must possess proof of vaccination or a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours to gain entry to the country for unvaccinated individuals, including children under the age of 17 accompanied by a fully vaccinated parent.
Only AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna and the Pfizer vaccines are accepted for vaccinated individuals. Either a PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding or an antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding is acceptable for unvaccinated travelers.
Both Charles de Gaulle (CDG) and Orly (ORY) airports have COVID-19 screening centers for PCR and antigen testing capabilities. Departing passengers can make an appointment on the doctolib.fr website for an airport screening center.
Shops, indoor markets, museums, bars, pubs and restaurants are open to full capacity outdoors and half capacity inside, with social distancing requirements and a maximum of six people per table in dining establishments. No eating or drinking is allowed while standing at bars.
Masks are required in public spaces. Details on additional restrictions are available here. A health pass is required for large-scale public events of over 1,000 people for spectators aged 11 and older, although access to such has not yet been granted to Americans.
Americans are permitted to enter the country of Georgia freely by air, according to the U.S. Embassy in Georgia, and without quarantine.
For vaccinated travelers arriving by air, you may be unconditionally admitted upon showing a COVID-19 vaccine certificate. For unvaccinated travelers from the U.S. and other countries that can be found here, you must:
- Arrive by air, directly from a listed country.
- Present a negative PCR test result conducted 72 hours or less before arrival in Georgia.
- Get a follow-up PCR test at your own expense on the third day after arrival in Georgia, excluding those travelers from India who complete a 14-day quarantine.
Unvaccinated travelers should complete an application form prior to arrival with contact details and travel history. Travelers under the age of 10 are exempt from the obligation to provide a negative PCR test result conducted 72 hours or less before arrival in Georgia, and from the obligation to get a follow-up PCR test on the third day after arrival in Georgia.
Americans are allowed into Germany as of June 20, when the German government lifted all travel restrictions for U.S. residents. Proof of vaccination or proof of recovery from COVID-19 or a negative test result is still required for entry via air travel.
All air travelers age 6 and older must show one of the following prior to departure for Germany:
- Proof of full vaccination via a CDC card or digital form, with the last dose administrated at least 14 days prior.
- Proof of full recovery from COVID-19 via a PCR test, taken within 28 days-six months prior.
- Results of a rapid negative PCR test within 72 hours or antigen test within 48 hours.
Additionally, vaccinated travelers must additionally show no relevant symptoms. Transit travelers with a destination outside the Schengen Area who do not leave the international transit area of the airport do not need to present a negative test prior to departure.
Travel is open to all U.S. citizens unless traveling from a virus-variant area from which entry is banned, which are listed here. More information on additional requirements for travelers coming from designated risk countries can be found here.
Americans are able to travel to Greece rather seamlessly via a quick digital form and proof of either vaccination or a negative PCR test.
Per the U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Greece, the country is restricted to third-country nationals (including U.S. citizens) who are also EU citizens/permanent residents or are residing permanently in specific countries.
Regardless, all passengers looking to enter Greece must complete a Passenger Locator Form at least 24 hours before your arrival in Greece, which will generate a QR code via email. Additionally, the Greek government requires passengers over the age of 12 to provide one of the following:
- Negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival.
- Proof of a negative COVID-19 rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival.
- Proof of a COVID-19 vaccination completed at least 14 days before travel, including Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca-Oxford and Johnson & Johnson.
- A certificate of recovery from COVID-19 issued by a public authority or a certified laboratory.
- Proof that the traveler tested positive with COVID-19 in the past two to nine months, either through a positive PCR or an antigen test, or a medical certificate verifying that the holder had tested positive for COVID-19.
Hungary remains restricted to its own citizens as of Sept. 1, 2020, per the U.S. Embassy in Hungary, which notes that only Hungarian citizens and their relatives can enter the country with a few exceptions due to the Hungarian government’s use of a COVID-19 entry control scheme banning the entry of most foreigners.
Exceptions to the ban include diplomatic/official government travel, freight travel or anyone who can demonstrate a COVID-19 infection in the last six months, among others.
All those entering Hungary are subject to a mandatory 10-day quarantine, which travelers can avoid by providing two negative COVID-19 tests, specifically a PCR test performed in Hungary at two different times with at least 48 hours between the two. Alternatively, one test can be taken before arriving in Hungary from a Schengen country, the U.S. or Canada and another after arrival.
Although international commercial flight options currently exist in Hungary, the U.S. government says U.S. citizens abroad in Hungry should be prepared to remain there for an “indefinite period.”
On May 1, Hungary began easing restrictions, with most indoor hospitality venues limited to those who are vaccinated or immune after a previous infection. There is a nightly curfew beginning at 12 a.m. Hotels are currently only allowed to accept guests traveling for business purposes, not tourism (unless the guest has proof of vaccination/immunity) and restaurants have reopened for both indoor (for vaccinated or immune guests only) and outdoor dining. Shops are open with capacity restrictions. Museums, theaters, zoos and other leisure facilities have also reopened, but only to those who have proof of vaccination or immunity and their underaged family members.
Iceland is once again welcoming U.S. travelers — but only if they’ve completed their COVID-19 vaccination or can present proof of a previous infection via a positive antibody test, per the U.S. Embassy in Iceland.
As of July 1, there is no longer a requirement for arrival testing for passengers vaccinated against COVID-19 or recovered from it. Unvaccinated travelers are welcome from select EEA/European Free Trade Association countries, including the U.S.
For U.S. visitors, you must meet one of two criteria:
- A completed AstraZeneca, Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), Moderna or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
- A previous COVID-19 infection, as confirmed with a positive antibody test or positive PCR test older than 14 days.
Per the U.S. government, all arriving passengers are obligated to undergo one test for the detection of COVID-19 upon arrival at the border (free of charge) and subsequently quarantine until test results are received. If fully vaccinated, U.S. citizens do not have to quarantine after receiving the results from the first test at the border. Children born after 2005 are exempt from this testing requirement.
All visitors need to pre-register before travel and can present an official paper or electronic COVID-19 vaccine certificate that includes the traveler’s name, date of birth, date and location of vaccination, vaccine administered and the manufacturer and batch or lot number, as outlined on this page.
Additional information from the Icelandic government can be found here.
There is an active volcanic eruption taking place on the Reykjanes Peninsula near the capital, Reykjavik, and the Blue Lagoon, a major tourist attraction, reopened after being closed through April 16.
Per the U.S. Embassy in Ireland, the Irish government still advises against nonessential international travel until at least July 19, at which point the country plans to operate the EU’s Digital COVID Certificate for travel originating within the EU/EEA and allow Americans back without quarantine. However, Americans are technically allowed to enter at this time.
As of June 29, all arrivals to Ireland over 6 years of age are required to present a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours prior to the time you land in Ireland and self-isolate for 14 days. Additionally, travelers from certain “designated states” are subject to a 14-day mandatory hotel quarantine, which must be pre-booked and paid for before arrival. This stay can be reduced to 10 days by taking a PCR test on day 10 and receiving a negative result. Travelers must then finish their quarantine at home or another accommodation.
All visitors also need to fill out a Passenger Locator Form saying where they will be quarantining. There is a fine of up to $2,860 or six months in jail for arriving without the proper test result or for not fulfilling the required quarantine. Details on the latest restrictions can be found here.
Some TPG readers reported in 2020 that Americans were going to Ireland, skipping quarantine and visiting other parts of Europe. Not only is that illegal, but it’s also unethical and endangers other humans.
For passengers coming from the U.S., the Italian government says you are to notify the local health authority, complete a Digital Passenger Locator Form and show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test.
The U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Italy says travelers from the U.S. can enter and bypass otherwise mandatory quarantine or testing requirements by fulfilling one of the following requirements:
- Providing a COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing proof of an EMA-authorized vaccine, specifically Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson or AstraZeneca. The date of the final vaccine dose must be at least 14 days prior to travel. Travelers vaccinated in the U.S. can prove this via the CDC’s “white card” given at vaccination.
- Providing a medical certificate confirming recovery from COVID-19 dated within six months before departure.
- Providing a negative PCR or rapid antigen test result carried out within 48 hours of departure.
Children age 6 and older accompanied by a parent/caregiver with the EU Digital COVID Certificate must still take the pre-departure COVID-19 test; children under age 6 are exempt.
See the Italian Ministry of Health’s website for more details.
Kosovo has reopened its borders to Americans, but the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo urges citizens not to visit.
All foreign citizens entering Kosovo who come from high-risk countries, as determined by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, must provide a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel and those permitted to enter Kosovo without a test must self-isolate for seven days. While testing is currently not required for those traveling from the U.S., the government nonetheless recommends a test for all air travelers to Kosovo due to “quickly evolving COVID-19 testing requirements worldwide.”
As of June 19, U.S. citizens arriving from the U.S. or other countries designated as low-risk for COVID-19 by the Latvian government may enter Latvia for nonessential travel, including tourism.
Travelers who have visited countries not designated as low-risk for COVID-19 in the previous 14 days are still prohibiting from Latvia.
Vaccinated travelers from the EU, EEA, Switzerland or the U.K. are also free to travel to Latvia for nonessential travel without a negative COVID-19 test or self-isolation.
All other travelers age 11 and over, including U.S. citizens, will be required to present a negative COVID-19 test from within the previous 72 hours. If the result is positive, the traveler must pay for self-isolation in one of the tourist accommodations specified by the Latvian Investment and Development Agency.
Additionally, visitors must complete an electronic confirmation form no earlier than 48 hours before entering the country, confirming that they will agree to established epidemiological safety measures upon arrival.
Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein, meaning that as long as you are qualified to enter Switzerland, you are able to enter Liechtenstein. There is an open border between the two countries.
Americans are allowed in for tourism at this time, according to the U.S. Embassy in Switzerland, so long as you show one of the following:
- Proof of full vaccination.
- Results of a negative COVID-19 test.
- Recovery from COVID-19.
If you have been in a country with a variant of concern in the last 10 days before entering Switzerland, are not vaccinated or are unable to prove that you have recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months, you must quarantine for 10 days, with an opportunity to shorten quarantine after seven days with testing. Visit the Swedish government’s website for more information.
As of June 1, fully vaccinated U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Lithuania, per the U.S. Embassy in Lithuania, which also notes that there are no direct flights between the two countries and therefore encourages travelers to double-check entry/exit requirements of transiting countries.
U.S. citizens who have been fully vaccinated do not need to quarantine or self-isolate.
All travelers will be required to complete an online registration form no earlier than 48 hours before the start of the trip and present a digital QR code to the carrier upon boarding.
For additional information about entry requirements, consult the Lithuanian government’s website.
Luxembourg currently only allows EU citizens, EU residents and residents of certain other specific countries to enter, including those coming from the U.S.
All travelers flying by air to Luxumbourg, age 6 and over, must present one of the following:
- A vaccination certificate attesting to a complete vaccination carried out by an EMA, public or medical authority of a member state of the EU or a member state of the Schengen Area, including AstraZeneca, Pfizer-BioNTech, Johnson & Johnson and Moderna.
- A negative COVID-19 PCR or viral antigen test taken within 72 hours of travel.
- A certificate of recovery issued by a physician or a national authority of a member state of the EU or a member state of the Schengen Area for persons who have recovered from COVID-19 within six months prior to travel.
Per the U.S. Embassy in Luxembourg, U.S. citizens are not required to quarantine.
Consult the Luxembourgian government for more information.
The U.S. remains on Malta’s “amber list” of countries, which means that passengers originating in the U.S. are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival in Malta, per the U.S. Embassy in Malta.
If you choose to forgo providing a negative PCR test, a swab test or a 14-day quarantine period will be mandatory on arrival. Currently, Malta only accepts passengers from 38 states, which are listed here.
Per the Maltese government, all arrivals from the U.K. will be required to demonstrate proof of full vaccination. For U.K. nationals, this means a paper version of the NHS COVID-19 letter, which can be found here.
If accompanied by vaccinated adults, children ages 5-11 must provide a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival and those ages 12-18 must be vaccinated to enter Malta.
Although U.S. citizens are permitted to enter Moldova, the U.S. Embassy in Moldova is currently advising citizens to refrain from doing so.
Travelers age 5 and older who do enter Moldova must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival (to avoid two weeks of self-isolation). Fully vaccinated travelers are now exempt from testing requirements.
More information on travel to Moldova is available from the Moldovian government.
As of June 9, fully vaccinated travelers from the USA and Canada are permitted to travel to France and Monaco, as France handles immigration and customs for Monaco, per the Monaco government.
In addition to reporting travel plans to Monaco’s health authorities, travelers must show proof of vaccination, along with one of the following:
- Negative results of a PCR test taken within 72 hours.
- Negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding.
Travelers meeting the above criteria will not need to quarantine upon arrival.
The French government requires all international travelers arriving into or transiting through France, including those returning to Monaco, to complete an online COVID-19 symptoms form to be presented to your airline and then border officers upon arrival.
Unvaccinated travelers wishing to enter Monaco who are not citizens or permanent residents of a Schengen or EU country may request authorization through the Embassy of Monaco and may only do so for essential reasons.
Montenegro remains open to foreigners and Montenegrin citizens, including Americans, as noted by the U.S. Embassy in Montenegro.
The country requires U.S. travelers and others to provide one of the following:
- A negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival.
- A positive antibody test not older than 30 days.
- A completed COVID-19 vaccination at least 14 days prior to entry.
Travelers who do not meet the above requirements may enter Montenegro so long as they quarantine for 14 days, in accordance with the Montenegro government.
As of June 24, Americans can travel freely to the Netherlands with no vaccine, negative COVID-19 test or quarantine required upon arrival, since the Dutch government added the U.S. to its list of “safe countries.”
The only travel requirement for Americans to fulfill ahead of time is the submission of a health declaration form, which some airlines allow you to complete digitally upon checking in for your flight, as noted by Dutch officials.
If you are visiting from a high-risk country, the Dutch government will still require a negative PCR test within 72 hours and a negative rapid test within 24 hours prior to departure or a negative PCR test within 24 hours prior to departure.
For the latest updates on who is allowed to visit, check here.
North Macedonia is open to all tourists, including Americans.
Skopje International Airport (SKP) and Ohrid St. Paul the Apostle Airport (OHD) reopened on July 1, 2020.
All arriving passengers will face temperature screening, but there are no quarantine or testing requirements for travelers beyond those arriving from India, who are required to quarantine for 14 days. Check the U.S. Embassy in North Macedonia for updates.
As of July 7, Norway remains closed to travelers from the U.S., according to the U.S. Embassy in Norway.
Currently, only vaccinated travelers and those who have recovered from COVID-19 in the past six months from the EU/EEA/Schengen Area as well as those from designated “green countries” are able to enter Norway, per the Norweigan government. Additionally, “green country” entrants are able to travel to Norway without having to quarantine.
More countries will be added to the “green” list as Norway adopts the EU’s color code standards to lift travel restrictions for residents of some “third countries,” including the U.S. Exact dates for this are not in place yet. Currently the United States falls under Norways’ “Purple countries” which severely limits travel.
All travelers to Norway over the age of 12 who are allowed to enter must now complete a registration form prior to traveling, present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 24 hours of travel and also be tested again for COVID-19 as soon as possible after arrival (usually at the airport and it must take place within one day) and enter and pay for a 10-day quarantine in a quarantine hotel (reduced to seven days with two negative tests, one upon arrival and a PCR test no earlier than day seven).
On April 29, Norway introduced stricter testing requirements for travelers who have been outside the EEA/Schengen Area. The latest updates on testing and quarantine can be found through the Norweigan Institute of Public Health.
Poland is open only to citizens or legal residents (and their spouses and children) of EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Georgia, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Thailand, South Korea, Tunisia and Australia who meet current exemptions.
Vaccinated individuals can avoid mandatory quarantine, and any travelers entering Poland from within the Schengen Area must present a negative PCR or antigen test taken at least 48 hours prior to arrival or enter a 10-day quarantine. Travelers arriving from outside the Schengen Area must quarantine for 10 days or until they receive a negative result from a test taken within 48 hours of arrival in Poland; those who can show a certificate of vaccination against COVID-19 are exempt from quarantine.
Americans are not allowed, with the exception of U.S. citizens who have dual citizenship or fall within certain other categories. Check with the U.S. Embassy in Poland for specifics. Additional information is also available on the Polish government’s website.
Portugal is open to tourists from the U.S. with proof of a negative COVID-19 test, per the U.S. Embassy in Portugal.
All travelers age 2 and older must submit a negative PCR test performed in the last 72 hours or a rapid antigen test performed within 24 hours of boarding and the U.S. government says you may be asked to quarantine upon arrival and those from certain countries are required to do so for two weeks, per the Portuguese government.
Travelers also must fill out an online form and face a health screening, and those from certain countries must self-quarantine for 14 days. Details are available on the TAP Air Portugal website.
Masks are mandatory in indoor public spaces and outside when social distancing isn’t possible.
On June 1, the Romanian government eliminated restrictions on nonessential travel for foreigners, per the Romanian Embassy in D.C.
The U.S. Embassy in Romania says foreign citizens will be subject to quarantine unless they present proof of testing, vaccination or recovery from COVID-19. Otherwise, foreign citizens arriving in Romania from third countries (countries that are not members of the EU, EEA or Swiss Confederation) must quarantine for 14 days regardless of your country/zone of arrival. Read here for further information on additional exemptions.
You may be asked to undergo a health screening upon arrival at Henri Coanda International Airport (OTP), along with an online questionnaire.
Since March 18, 2020, U.S. citizens have remained banned, along with most foreign nationals, from visiting Russia, the U.S. Embassy in Russia notes.
The Russian government requires that all foreign travelers present a negative PCR COVID-19 test result upon arrival, dated within three days prior to arrival in Russia, along with completion of a digital form that must be printed out and presented to customs in Russia.
On Jan. 25, Russia lifted its travel ban for Finland, Vietnam, India and Qatar.
As of April 5, fully vaccinated travelers entering Serbia do not need to present a negative COVID-19 test nor quarantine, according to the U.S. Embassy in Serbia.
For those unvaccinated, you will need to provide a negative PCR test taken within the previous 48 hours, excluding foreign citizens with temporary or permanent residence in Serbia. If a U.S. citizen’s travel originates in the U.S., they can provide either a negative PCR or antigen test.
As of May 28, Slovakia remains closed to American visitors, as the U.S. is currently a designated “red country,” per the U.S. Embassy in Slovakia.
Travelers, including U.S. citizens, may be admitted only if they are immediate family members of a Slovak citizen or resident, receive an entry exception from Slovak authorities or otherwise qualify for entry to the EU or Schengen Area.
Slovakia has opened its borders to a few countries in Europe but remains shut to everyone else. The Slovakian Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs maintains a list of current country color designations, as their pandemic control measures vary regionally based on its traffic light system, which automatically updates restrictions weekly based on local disease indicators and divides counties into three groups for border entry requirements: green, red and black.
All passengers age 10 and older who do not fall into a specific exemption category must fill out an electronic monitoring form in advance to present at the border.
All travelers who have visited only “green countries” in the prior 14 days and are fully vaccinated, recovered from COVID-19 within 180 days, and/or are under 18 years old do not need to present test results or self-quarantine. Unvaccinated travelers over 18 years old who have not recovered from COVID-19 within the last 180 days but have only been present in “green countries” in the prior 14 days must quarantine until they receive negative results of a PCR or antigen test. If travelers do not want to take a test, they may self-isolate for 14 days instead. Quarantine requirements vary based on age, travel within the previous 14 days and vaccination status. Consult the U.S. Embassy in Slovakia for updated information.
Americans are welcome to Slovenia for nonessential travel, including tourism, as long as they are fully vaccinated or recently recovered from COVID-19, per the U.S. Embassy in Slovenia.
U.S. citizens who have residency in the EU or are married to a Slovenian citizen can also be admitted with proof of a negative test.
For essential travel, U.S. citizens are required to submit proof of completed vaccination, recovery from COVID-19 or a negative PCR or rapid antigen test. Those without proof may be asked to quarantine for 10 days.
Children under age 15 accompanying their parents can bypass quarantine and testing requirements.
The Slovenian government provides an optional web application to fill out ahead of time for smoother entry, including for transiting passengers.
The country also welcomes travelers from neighboring countries, including Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Italy. More information is available from the Slovenian Police Border Crossing.
As of June 28, no proof of vaccination or negative test result is required for Americans to enter Spain, per the Spanish Embassy in the U.S.
The Spanish government does require all passengers coming to Spain from outside the country to complete a Health Control Form at least 48 hours prior to departure to the country, including international transits. You may begin to fill out the form at any time prior to your trip, excluding sections that are limited to two days prior to your arrival. Both the form and associated QR code are necessary for entry.
All other passengers coming from high-risk countries are still required to submit a negative active infection diagnostic test, or PCR test carried out within 72 hours prior to arrival. Travelers will also undergo temperature checks upon arrival. The Spanish Ministry of Health maintains a list of countries by risk designation. Minors are also able to enter so long as they are accompanied by fully vaccinated adults.
As of July 1, U.S.-based travelers are exempted from Sweden’s entry ban, per the U.S. Embassy in Sweden.
However, the travel ban remains in place for almost all other travelers outside of the EU/EEA, per the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, including U.S. passport holders who reside in non-exempted countries. The Swedish Border Police maintains a list of countries by exemption, which currently lists 16 countries, including the U.S., Australia and Singapore.
An entry ban and required negative COVID-19 test in effect remains in place for nonessential travels to Sweden from non-EEA countries until Aug. 31, at which point Sweden will open its borders to non-EEA countries with an EU Digital COVID Certificate or equivalent proof of vaccination. The EEA is comprised of the member states of the EU and the three countries of the EFTA — Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. For the purposes of travel to Sweden, the Swedish government also considers Switzerland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican to be part of the EEA. More information on the EEA can be found here.
Sweden will always apply entry regulations according to the last country you enter from, even if this is only a transit country.
A negative PCR or antigen COVID-19 test taken within 48 hours of arrival to Sweden is required for non-resident travelers, age 18 and older, originating outside the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland).
U.S. citizens who can show they’ve been fully vaccinated or recently tested negative for COVID-19 are welcome back to Switzerland, according to the U.S. Embassy in Switzerland. This applies to all fully vaccinated individuals from third countries, which consist of those outside the Schengen Area. To explore eligibility by country, use the Travelcheck tool administered by the Swedish government.
To enter freely, the Swedish Federal Office of Public Health says you must show one of the following:
- Proof of full vaccination.
- Results of a negative COVID-19 test.
- Recovery from COVID-19.
Otherwise, if you are traveling to Switzerland by plane and cannot prove one of the above, you will be required to take a test.
The Swedish State Secretary for Migration has a list of high-risk countries that outlines whether or not you can enter Switzerland.
Note that if you have been in a country with a “worrying variant” in the last 10 days before entering Switzerland, are not vaccinated or are unable to prove that you have recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months, you must self-isolate for 10 days, with the potential to shorten after seven days via a negative COVID-19 test. Fully vaccinated individuals are exempt from testing and quarantine requirements depending on their country of origin.
Additionally, all travelers must complete an entry form ahead of time.
Turkey’s international borders remain open for travelers from a number of countries, including the U.S., according to the U.S. Embassy in Turkey.
Most travelers age 6 and older are required to submit both a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel and all travelers are to complete a Turkey Entrance Form, both to be submitted at airline check-in (a printed copy or mobile screenshot of the form is acceptable).
As of May 15, testing requirements are waived for certain passengers arriving in Turkey from the following countries: Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, Israel, Japan, U.K., Latvia, Luxembourg, Ukraine and Estonia.
Furthermore, arriving passengers from Bangladesh, Brazil, South Africa, India, Nepal or Sri Lanka remain banned until further notice, however they may transit to other countries without entering Turkey. Those who have been in one of the six aforementioned countries in the last 14 days must submit a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival and must quarantine for 14 days in locations to be determined by the Turkish government, to be terminated upon receipt of a negative PCR test. Turkish Airlines outlines additional restrictions specific to country here.
Related: Turkey is open to Americans
Upon arrival, travelers will be asked to fill out a passenger information form and undergo medical screenings for infection, and anyone showing symptoms upon arrival will be tested for coronavirus. Anyone who tests positive will be referred to a Turkish hospital for quarantine and treatment.
The State Department’s travelers checklist for Turkey can be found here.
U.S. citizens are currently able to enter the country, per the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine.
All U.S. citizens age 12 and older entering Ukraine from the U.S. must show one of the following:
- A negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of entering Ukraine.
- A negative antigen test.
- Proof of full vaccination.
Additionally, all visitors must supply Ukrainian health insurance to cover all expenses related to COVID-19 treatment while in Ukraine. All passengers should expect to be screened upon arrival with multiple temperature checks, via airports or land borders. More information can be found from the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Although Americans can technically travel to the United Kingdom, both the U.S. Embassy in the United Kingdom and the U.K. government advise citizens against reciprocal travel as the U.S. remains an “amber” country, per the U.K. government.
If you choose to do so, you must:
- Present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure.
- Quarantine for 10 days, during which you must complete two additional COVID-19 tests on days two and eight.
- Complete a passenger locator form within 48 hours of travel.
The quarantine rules do not apply to international passengers transiting U.K. airports.
Note that quarantine can be reduced after one negative COVID-19 PCR test taken on day five under the Test to Release scheme. Children age 4 and younger do not need to take the day two or day eight test. The U.K. government maintains a list of countries by color designation.
On Feb. 8, the U.K. also increased the fine for noncompliance and anyone who fails to comply will be subject to a fine of 1,000 pounds ($1,360). The government also revealed stiff fines and even jail time for those who try to circumvent the mandates or lie on their required passenger locator forms; the latter could be a 10,000-pound ($13,789) fine or 10 years in jail. More details are here.
Although British Prime Minister Boris Johnson previously announced a “traffic light” system for international travel to exempt quarantine requirements for passengers coming from “green countries,” U.S. citizens are not among that group, even those who are fully vaccinated.
The U.K. has been especially hard-hit by the coronavirus and the new restrictions are a result of the chaos that erupted in December 2020 when a more infectious COVID-19 variant was found to be widely circulating in London and southeastern England.
Additional reporting by Jordyn Fields, Donna Heiderstadt, Liz Hund and Caroline Tanner.
Featured photo of Venice in 2018 by Clint Henderson/The Points Guy.
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